What factors explain the uneven development of democracy across Asian states?

  • Hanna Ahlqvist City, University of London


Democratic stability is one of the key challenges of contemporary politics. This article contributes to our understanding of this challenge by comparatively examining the sources of democratic stability and instability in India and Pakistan. The article will use a small N comparison with a most similar design to it, since India and Pakistan are similar but with different outcomes. The goal is to show that certain main factors affect the uneven development of democracy and then generalize the results, so it can be applied to Asia as a whole. The factors examined are; decolonization and partition, critical junctures affecting political parties and institutions, the modernization theory, security problems and international actors. Upon examination of these factors, it becomes clear that all these different components demonstrate changes in regime outcomes and the analyses provides an explanation of why there can be an uneven development of democracy.